The central abstractions of the NIO APIs are:
Buffers, which are containers for data;
Charsets and their associated decoders and encoders,
which translate between bytes and Unicode characters;
Channels of various types, which represent connections
to entities capable of performing I/O operations; and
Selectors and selection keys, which together with
selectable channels define a multiplexed, non-blocking
The java.nio package defines the buffer classes, which are used throughout the NIO APIs. The charset API is defined in the
java.nio.charset package, and the channel and selector APIs are defined in the
java.nio.channels package. Each of these subpackages has its own service-provider (SPI) subpackage, the contents of which can be used to extend the platform's default implementations or to construct alternative implementations.
Position, limit, and capacity;
clear, flip, rewind, and mark/reset
Get/put, compact, views; allocate, wrap
A byte buffer mapped to a file
Get/put, compact; allocate, wrap
Typesafe enumeration for byte orders
A buffer is a container for a fixed amount of data of a specific primitive type. In addition to its content a buffer has a position, which is the index of the next element to be read or written, and a limit, which is the index of the first element that should not be read or written. The base
Buffer class defines these properties as well as methods for clearing, flipping, and rewinding, for marking the current position, and for resetting the position to the previous mark.
There is a buffer class for each non-boolean primitive type. Each class defines a family of get and put methods for moving data out of and in to a buffer, methods for compacting, duplicating, and slicing a buffer, and static methods for allocating a new buffer as well as for wrapping an existing array into a buffer.
Byte buffers are distinguished in that they can be used as the sources and targets of I/O operations. They also support several features not found in the other buffer classes:
A byte buffer can be allocated as a direct buffer, in which case the Java virtual machine will make a best effort to perform native I/O operations directly upon it.
Unless otherwise noted, passing a null argument to a constructor or method in any class or interface in this package will cause a
NullPointerException to be thrown.
|Buffer||A container for data of a specific primitive type.|
|ByteBuffer||A byte buffer.|
|ByteOrder||A typesafe enumeration for byte orders.|
|CharBuffer||A char buffer.|
|DoubleBuffer||A double buffer.|
|FloatBuffer||A float buffer.|
|IntBuffer||An int buffer.|
|LongBuffer||A long buffer.|
|MappedByteBuffer||A direct byte buffer whose content is a memory-mapped region of a file.|
|ShortBuffer||A short buffer.|
|BufferOverflowException||Unchecked exception thrown when a relative put operation reaches the target buffer's limit.|
|BufferUnderflowException||Unchecked exception thrown when a relative get operation reaches the source buffer's limit.|
|InvalidMarkException||Unchecked exception thrown when an attempt is made to reset a buffer when its mark is not defined.|
|ReadOnlyBufferException||Unchecked exception thrown when a content-mutation method such as put or compact is invoked upon a read-only buffer.|