Global objects#

These objects are available in all modules. The following variables may appear to be global but are not. They exist only in the scope of modules, see the module system documentation:

The objects listed here are specific to Node.js. There are built-in objects that are part of the JavaScript language itself, which are also globally accessible.

Class: AbortController#

Stability: 1 - Experimental

A utility class used to signal cancelation in selected Promise-based APIs. The API is based on the Web API AbortController.

const ac = new AbortController();

ac.signal.addEventListener('abort', () => console.log('Aborted!'),
                           { once: true });

ac.abort();

console.log(ac.signal.aborted);  // Prints True

abortController.abort()#

Triggers the abort signal, causing the abortController.signal to emit the 'abort' event.

abortController.signal#

Class: AbortSignal#

The AbortSignal is used to notify observers when the abortController.abort() method is called.

Event: 'abort'#

The 'abort' event is emitted when the abortController.abort() method is called. The callback is invoked with a single object argument with a single type propety set to 'abort':

const ac = new AbortController();

// Use either the onabort property...
ac.signal.onabort = () => console.log('aborted!');

// Or the EventTarget API...
ac.signal.addEventListener('abort', (event) => {
  console.log(event.type);  // Prints 'abort'
}, { once: true });

ac.abort();

The AbortController with which the AbortSignal is associated will only ever trigger the 'abort' event once. Any event listeners attached to the AbortSignal should use the { once: true } option (or, if using the EventEmitter APIs to attach a listener, use the once() method) to ensure that the event listener is removed as soon as the 'abort' event is handled. Failure to do so may result in memory leaks.

abortSignal.aborted#

  • Type: <boolean> True after the AbortController has been aborted.

abortSignal.onabort#

An optional callback function that may be set by user code to be notified when the abortController.abort() function has been called.

Class: Buffer#

Used to handle binary data. See the buffer section.

__dirname#

This variable may appear to be global but is not. See __dirname.

__filename#

This variable may appear to be global but is not. See __filename.

clearImmediate(immediateObject)#

clearImmediate is described in the timers section.

clearInterval(intervalObject)#

clearInterval is described in the timers section.

clearTimeout(timeoutObject)#

clearTimeout is described in the timers section.

console#

Used to print to stdout and stderr. See the console section.

Event#

Stability: 1 - Experimental

A browser-compatible implementation of the Event class. See EventTarget and Event API for more details.

EventTarget#

Stability: 1 - Experimental

A browser-compatible implementation of the EventTarget class. See EventTarget and Event API for more details.

exports#

This variable may appear to be global but is not. See exports.

global#

In browsers, the top-level scope is the global scope. This means that within the browser var something will define a new global variable. In Node.js this is different. The top-level scope is not the global scope; var something inside a Node.js module will be local to that module.

MessageChannel#

The MessageChannel class. See MessageChannel for more details.

MessageEvent#

The MessageEvent class. See MessageEvent for more details.

MessagePort#

The MessagePort class. See MessagePort for more details.

module#

This variable may appear to be global but is not. See module.

process#

The process object. See the process object section.

queueMicrotask(callback)#

The queueMicrotask() method queues a microtask to invoke callback. If callback throws an exception, the process object 'uncaughtException' event will be emitted.

The microtask queue is managed by V8 and may be used in a similar manner to the process.nextTick() queue, which is managed by Node.js. The process.nextTick() queue is always processed before the microtask queue within each turn of the Node.js event loop.

// Here, `queueMicrotask()` is used to ensure the 'load' event is always
// emitted asynchronously, and therefore consistently. Using
// `process.nextTick()` here would result in the 'load' event always emitting
// before any other promise jobs.

DataHandler.prototype.load = async function load(key) {
  const hit = this._cache.get(url);
  if (hit !== undefined) {
    queueMicrotask(() => {
      this.emit('load', hit);
    });
    return;
  }

  const data = await fetchData(key);
  this._cache.set(url, data);
  this.emit('load', data);
};

require()#

This variable may appear to be global but is not. See require().

setImmediate(callback[, ...args])#

setImmediate is described in the timers section.

setInterval(callback, delay[, ...args])#

setInterval is described in the timers section.

setTimeout(callback, delay[, ...args])#

setTimeout is described in the timers section.

TextDecoder#

The WHATWG TextDecoder class. See the TextDecoder section.

TextEncoder#

The WHATWG TextEncoder class. See the TextEncoder section.

URL#

The WHATWG URL class. See the URL section.

URLSearchParams#

The WHATWG URLSearchParams class. See the URLSearchParams section.

WebAssembly#

The object that acts as the namespace for all W3C WebAssembly related functionality. See the Mozilla Developer Network for usage and compatibility.