Docker 安装 PHP

安装 PHP 镜像

方法一、docker pull php

查找Docker Hub上的php镜像

[email protected]:~/php-fpm$ docker search php
NAME                      DESCRIPTION                                     STARS     OFFICIAL   AUTOMATED
php                       While designed for web development, the PH...   1232      [OK]       
richarvey/nginx-php-fpm   Container running Nginx + PHP-FPM capable ...   207                  [OK]
phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin     A web interface for MySQL and MariaDB.          123                  [OK]
eboraas/apache-php        PHP5 on Apache (with SSL support), built o...   69                   [OK]
php-zendserver            Zend Server - the integrated PHP applicati...   69        [OK]       
million12/nginx-php       Nginx + PHP-FPM 5.5, 5.6, 7.0 (NG), CentOS...   67                   [OK]
webdevops/php-nginx       Nginx with PHP-FPM                              39                   [OK]
webdevops/php-apache      Apache with PHP-FPM (based on webdevops/php)    14                   [OK]
phpunit/phpunit           PHPUnit is a programmer-oriented testing f...   14                   [OK]
tetraweb/php              PHP 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 7.0 for CI and run...   12                   [OK]
webdevops/php             PHP (FPM and CLI) service container             10                   [OK]
...

这里我们拉取官方的镜像,标签为5.6-fpm

[email protected]:~/php-fpm$ docker pull php:5.6-fpm

等待下载完成后,我们就可以在本地镜像列表里查到REPOSITORY为php,标签为5.6-fpm的镜像。

[email protected]:~/php-fpm$ docker images
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
php                 5.6-fpm             025041cd3aa5        6 days ago          456.3 MB

方法二、通过 Dockerfile 构建

创建Dockerfile

首先,创建目录php-fpm,用于存放后面的相关东西。

[email protected]:~$ mkdir -p ~/php-fpm/logs ~/php-fpm/conf

logs目录将映射为php-fpm容器的日志目录

conf目录里的配置文件将映射为php-fpm容器的配置文件

进入创建的php-fpm目录,创建Dockerfile

FROM debian:jessie

# persistent / runtime deps
ENV PHPIZE_DEPS \
        autoconf \
        file \
        g++ \
        gcc \
        libc-dev \
        make \
        pkg-config \
        re2c
RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y \
        $PHPIZE_DEPS \
        ca-certificates \
        curl \
        libedit2 \
        libsqlite3-0 \
        libxml2 \
    --no-install-recommends && rm -r /var/lib/apt/lists/*

ENV PHP_INI_DIR /usr/local/etc/php
RUN mkdir -p $PHP_INI_DIR/conf.d

##<autogenerated>##
ENV PHP_EXTRA_CONFIGURE_ARGS --enable-fpm --with-fpm-user=www-data --with-fpm-group=www-data
##</autogenerated>##

ENV GPG_KEYS 0BD78B5F97500D450838F95DFE857D9A90D90EC1 6E4F6AB321FDC07F2C332E3AC2BF0BC433CFC8B3

ENV PHP_VERSION 5.6.22
ENV PHP_FILENAME php-5.6.22.tar.xz
ENV PHP_SHA256 c96980d7de1d66c821a4ee5809df0076f925b2fe0b8c362d234d92f2f0a178e2

RUN set -xe \
    && buildDeps=" \
        $PHP_EXTRA_BUILD_DEPS \
        libcurl4-openssl-dev \
        libedit-dev \
        libsqlite3-dev \
        libssl-dev \
        libxml2-dev \
        xz-utils \
    " \
    && apt-get update && apt-get install -y $buildDeps --no-install-recommends && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* \
    && curl -fSL "http://php.net/get/$PHP_FILENAME/from/this/mirror" -o "$PHP_FILENAME" \
    && echo "$PHP_SHA256 *$PHP_FILENAME" | sha256sum -c - \
    && curl -fSL "http://php.net/get/$PHP_FILENAME.asc/from/this/mirror" -o "$PHP_FILENAME.asc" \
    && export GNUPGHOME="$(mktemp -d)" \
    && for key in $GPG_KEYS; do \
        gpg --keyserver ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-keys "$key"; \
    done \
    && gpg --batch --verify "$PHP_FILENAME.asc" "$PHP_FILENAME" \
    && rm -r "$GNUPGHOME" "$PHP_FILENAME.asc" \
    && mkdir -p /usr/src/php \
    && tar -xf "$PHP_FILENAME" -C /usr/src/php --strip-components=1 \
    && rm "$PHP_FILENAME" \
    && cd /usr/src/php \
    && ./configure \
        --with-config-file-path="$PHP_INI_DIR" \
        --with-config-file-scan-dir="$PHP_INI_DIR/conf.d" \
        $PHP_EXTRA_CONFIGURE_ARGS \
        --disable-cgi \
# --enable-mysqlnd is included here because it's harder to compile after the fact than extensions are (since it's a plugin for several extensions, not an extension in itself)
        --enable-mysqlnd \
# --enable-mbstring is included here because otherwise there's no way to get pecl to use it properly (see https://github.com/docker-library/php/issues/195)
        --enable-mbstring \
        --with-curl \
        --with-libedit \
        --with-openssl \
        --with-zlib \
    && make -j"$(nproc)" \
    && make install \
    && { find /usr/local/bin /usr/local/sbin -type f -executable -exec strip --strip-all '{}' + || true; } \
    && make clean \
    && apt-get purge -y --auto-remove -o APT::AutoRemove::RecommendsImportant=false -o APT::AutoRemove::SuggestsImportant=false $buildDeps

COPY docker-php-ext-* /usr/local/bin/

##<autogenerated>##
WORKDIR /var/www/html

RUN set -ex \
    && cd /usr/local/etc \
    && if [ -d php-fpm.d ]; then \
        # for some reason, upstream's php-fpm.conf.default has "include=NONE/etc/php-fpm.d/*.conf"
        sed 's!=NONE/!=!g' php-fpm.conf.default | tee php-fpm.conf > /dev/null; \
        cp php-fpm.d/www.conf.default php-fpm.d/www.conf; \
    else \
        # PHP 5.x don't use "include=" by default, so we'll create our own simple config that mimics PHP 7+ for consistency
        mkdir php-fpm.d; \
        cp php-fpm.conf.default php-fpm.d/www.conf; \
        { \
            echo '[global]'; \
            echo 'include=etc/php-fpm.d/*.conf'; \
        } | tee php-fpm.conf; \
    fi \
    && { \
        echo '[global]'; \
        echo 'error_log = /proc/self/fd/2'; \
        echo; \
        echo '[www]'; \
        echo '; if we send this to /proc/self/fd/1, it never appears'; \
        echo 'access.log = /proc/self/fd/2'; \
        echo; \
        echo 'clear_env = no'; \
        echo; \
        echo '; Ensure worker stdout and stderr are sent to the main error log.'; \
        echo 'catch_workers_output = yes'; \
    } | tee php-fpm.d/docker.conf \
    && { \
        echo '[global]'; \
        echo 'daemonize = no'; \
        echo; \
        echo '[www]'; \
        echo 'listen = [::]:9000'; \
    } | tee php-fpm.d/zz-docker.conf

EXPOSE 9000
CMD ["php-fpm"]

通过Dockerfile创建一个镜像,替换成你自己的名字

[email protected]:~/php-fpm$ docker build -t php:5.6-fpm .

创建完成后,我们可以在本地的镜像列表里查找到刚刚创建的镜像

[email protected]:~/php-fpm$ docker images
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
php                 5.6-fpm             025041cd3aa5        6 days ago          456.3 MB

使用php-fpm镜像

运行容器

[email protected]:~/php-fpm$ docker run -p 9000:9000 --name  myphp-fpm -v ~/nginx/www:/www -v $PWD/conf:/usr/local/etc/php -v $PWD/logs:/phplogs   -d php:5.6-fpm
00c5aa4c2f93ec3486936f45b5f2b450187a9d09acb18f5ac9aa7a5f405dbedf
[email protected]:~/php-fpm$ 

命令说明:

  • -p 9000:9000 :将容器的9000端口映射到主机的9000端口

  • --name myphp-fpm :将容器命名为myphp-fpm

  • -v ~/nginx/www:/www :将主机中项目的目录www挂载到容器的/www

  • -v $PWD/conf:/usr/local/etc/php :将主机中当前目录下的conf目录挂载到容器的/usr/local/etc/php

  • -v $PWD/logs:/phplogs :将主机中当前目录下的logs目录挂载到容器的/phplogs

查看容器启动情况

[email protected]:~/php-fpm$ docker ps
CONTAINER ID    IMAGE         COMMAND      ...    PORTS                    NAMES
00c5aa4c2f93    php:5.6-fpm   "php-fpm"    ...    0.0.0.0:9000->9000/tcp   myphp-fpm
通过浏览器访问phpinfo()

PS:此处是通过nginx+php实现web服务,nginx配置文件的fastcgi_pass应该配置为myphp-fpm容器的IP。

fastcgi_pass  172.17.0.4:9000;

容器IP的查方法

docker inspect 容器ID或容器名 |grep '"IPAddress"'